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Since ancient times people have used natural stone materials for building purposes. The need of safeguarding historical sites and cultural heritage provoke considering the precise technical characterization of building stones and their changes in weathering processes. In the paper there were listed detailed petrographical analysis used for assessing the quality and durability of the stone material. The porosity properties are detected by means of a range of methods, divided into two groups: direct (including thin section microscopy and scanning electron microscopy), which allow direct documentation and measuring of pore space; and indirect (including mercury porosimetry or nitrogen sorption method), which enable calculating the porosity data from the measuring results. ; Precise knowledge of porosity characteristics, like total porosity, pore sizes, pore size distribution and pore surface is essential for: stone characterization, modeling of transportation processes, assessment of stone durability, interpretation and prediction of the weathering behavior of natural stones, quantification and rating of stone deterioration and evaluation of effectiveness of stone treatments. Basing on the literature digest and own experience, some examples of the stone porosity characteristic application was presented. ; The variety of natural stones used as construction material, the complicated nature of weathering processes and complex porosity properties determine implication of different analytical methods for stone examination. The most popular method is mercury porosimetry, but it is worth to remember that a reliable characterization of porosity properties can be guaranteed by application of different analytical procedures.