The reform, that has been entering our school system for some time now, requires revaluation of both teaching and education, also in the context of reaching the European standards. We are still facing the great challenges which should be answered by all people involved in Polish school system; especially by the professors at the universities, since they are the people who possess an unquestionable influence on the consciousness of our future educators. ; Education may have either a doctrinal (ideological) character or it may be put into a deeper philosophical background. In the latter case, it is known to be in mathematics. ; The background of education consists of the theory of a man, theory of values and theory of norms. Although it is possible to look at education from a point of view of a human being living in a family, it is also possible to look at it from the point of view of the stale which- first o fall-is interested in obtaining a good citizen.